Mozzarella vs Gouda

Mozzarella and gouda are both the popular cheese that gained their reputation across the globe. These cheese share similarities, and yet, quite different in many ways.

Below, we will get into detail for each of them and the reason why are they so popular.

MozzarellaGouda
OriginNaples, ItalyGouda, Holland
TextureSemi-softSemi-hard
TasteTangy, sweet, milkyMild, nutty
ColorWhiteYellow, orange
Source of milkBuffalo, cow, sheep or goat milk.Cow milk
PasteurisationDependsDepends
Lactose (per 100g)~1 g<1 g
Histamine (per 100g)<5mg (Low)Depends. The longer aging the higher.
Aging time0-4 weeks1-36 months
Calories (per 100g)280 kcal356 kcal
Price (per lb)$24 (This one via Amazon)$12 (This one via Amazon)

The main differences…

Mozzarella is a soft cheese that has been around since 11th century.

It came from Italy and made using milk from the water buffalo, traditionally. Then, cow and sheep milk are often used to replace the buffalo milk for larger quantity with more stable supplies.

Fewer are still using buffalo milk these days. The link on the table above to Amazon is one of them i recommend.

Typically, fresh mozzarella should be eaten in a few hours and gone bad quite fast if didn’t store properly. Even semi-hard cheese gorgonzola cant last for long, see my explaination. For the taste, the cheese is tangy, sweet, and milky.

Let’s go through quickly of how it’s made:

It starts by heating milk with rennet to make curds (see pictures and learn why here), which are then separated from the whey, it is then cut, drain and left to sit. The cheese curds get spun after they are put into hot water, which causes them to get soft and stringy. If the curds don’t form strings, they sit longer and are not acidic enough. Then more hot water is put into the mix, and it is formed into balls or other shapes and stored in brine or oil.

The best mozzarella needed to be eaten within 24 hours, and do not need to be aged or matured. It can be made at home easily, watch this video.

Gouda, on the other hand, is quite different.

Gouda cheese is a hard cheese which comes from Holland and is named by the city of Gouda. The history can be dated back to the 12th century.

Most of the Gouda varieties were aged 12 weeks up to two years. 

Gouda has a very distinct flavor, that is, mild and somewhat nutty (Similar to these two hard cheese here). Most of the time it is in yellowish color, while mozzarella cheese is always white in color.

There are four types of gouda to include baby gouda, goat’s milk gouda, American gouda, and aged gouda.

And, varied greatly in their firmness and flavor.

umm, also the price tag.

Unlike Mozz, gouda is made using cow’s milk (however, some use goat or sheep’s milk). If you are into goat milk cheese, here i wrote an article to compare gorgonzola vs goat cheese.

So, how it’s made, different from mozzarella?

Slightly different. Following the draining and curd formation, the mass is then collected and squished into molds, allowed to sit for hours, then soaked in brine. It’s then left to dry and get coated in wax to seal the moisture. And lastly, It is stored for aging depends on the needs.

So, now you know the basic differences, let’s move a step further.

Nutrition comparison

When it comes to nutrition, mozzarella is not a low-fat cheese, but certainly lower than most other cheeses. Given the lower fat, it also has lesser calories than them of the same weight.

What about mozzarella stick, read this in 1 min.

To be exact, mozzarella has 280 calories (per 100 grams) and contains nutrients such as tryptophan, isoleucine, valine, biotin, zinc, phosphorus, potassium, calcium, riboflavin, niacin, iron, sodium and some vitamins to include Vitamin E, B-12, as well as A and D.  

Gouda, on the other hand, has the following nutritional values. It has 356 calories (per 100 grams), and provides nutrients such as calcium, iron, choline, potassium, copper, phosphorus, zinc, riboflavin, and Vitamin B-12, A, and K.

In fact, it’s hard to tell exactly which one is “healthier”. At the end, both of them are rich source of protein as well as other micro-nutrients.

For those who prefer dairy-free or vegan version, here is the article i prepared for you.

When & How to use

When it comes to cooking with these cheeses, sky is the limit!

Mozzarella is often used in making several pasta dishes like lasagna, as well as a topping for pizza, and is often used in tomato based recipes.

It works especially well if you need a cheese that must be melted to give a sensational satisfactory. Therefore, people also use it in casseroles, omelets, fondues, and souffles. You can also use it melted over sandwiches or as a topping for various other types of veggies or foods.

By the way, someone asked, is mozzarella gluten free…? here.

As for gouda,

Grated gouda can be used to sprinkling it over a baked potato or making macaroni and cheese dishes. You can also eat it with bread, crackers or fruit for cheese platters.

It also works well in sandwiches, on burgers, or in a grilled cheese sandwich. It is great if you want a cheese that can be grated or shredded as well. 

Done with gouda, take 3 minutes to read my next article which i compare mozzarella vs swiss cheese here.